Hotel S is located in Cai village which is adjacent to Dali old town. Because of Dali's increasing popularity as a touristic city, Cai Village gradually transforms from a quiet local village to a chaotic touristic spot. The primary challenge of design is how to create a retreat hotel with Zen atmosphere in a contemporary chaotic rural environment. The arrangement of the building tries to avoid disturbance from these new "Bai-style" houses with uncomfortable sheer scale, meanwhile, to invite more mountain and lake view to the inside. The courtyards in northeast and southwest corner, on one hand help to create peaceful and inward atmosphere, on the other hand improve natural lighting and ventilation. By using rammed earth as main material, the building presents a primitive appearance, to respond the chaotic context and to find a more fundamental relationship with the site.